Description Staverse Jol
First: Sorry for the translation errors.
In contrast what many thinks: the history of the Staverse Jol is not going back for centuries but has found its origin late 19th century. the first two Staverse Jols where being build at Strikwerda en Roosje (shipyard) at Stavoren (small town in Friesland) for two fishermen. They wanted to carry out the fishing of anchovy at the Zuiderzee (nowadays the Ysselmeer). The fishing of anchovy, experienced about 1870 a great success and demanded nets of narrow meshes. These nets could being damaged by the leeboard when they should be fetched in. The order of construction was to build a little ship with no leeboards. To counteract the drifting there is a long under the whole ship running keel of small depth. The hull got a round rafterform and the additional boards fall inside. The first Staverse Jol's where small but the proportions later grew of 18 to 22 and 24 feet considering the need of cargo space. The bow became more full and the foreship of the in the beginning open ship was furnished of a deck. At the same time the rigging developed:the sprit-rigging was replaced by a gaff-rigging with a straight gaff, of which the fronttack was run on the bow. Later there came a larger fock or a genoa staysail and a small jib. Not only at Stavoren there where Staverse jolls being build but also by Wildschut at Gaastmeer and in Noord-Holland (another province). The Staverse Jol is the only flat bottom (more exactly: round) which does not have leeboards. In ratio to the length it is very broad. The round large rafter has its largest width near the waterline of the jol what the jol makes it to a stiff ship with a (pronounced) beginningstablity. In contrast with that is that the endstablity is less, due to the strong inside falling board. The forefront of the jol, which has a round bow is very full. The back of the ship ends in a flat stern which -dependent of the yard where the ship was build-is more or less of an hartshaped form .
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